Piratebox on the Zsun

Like many of us have read the article on slashdot about the Openwrt capabilities of the Zsun Wifi card Reader. The idea of having PirateBox running on the smallest device yet made me order one from China. After many hours of installing, troubleshooting, resetting e.d. I now have a complete working Piratebox installation. I would like to share my installation scripts in order to let you install your own.

This tutorial will soon be out of date due to the upcoming PirateBox v1.2. It will be updated once all the bugs are figured out and there is a successful release for this device.

This tutorial is for the technical minded but should be simple to follow until we get a full install package/script working. NOBODY will take responsibility or be liable for anything you do to your zsun. If you brick it trying these procedures, YOU are solely responsible for your actions. YOU HAVE BEEN WARNED. However, we can try and help in the forums. This has been recently tested on Jan 28, 2017 and working with PirateBox v1.1.2.

Now testing on LEDE for A5-V11 with latest piratebox. Will create a new wiki page for A5-V11 LEDE setup as well as update this wiki once all testing is complete.

0. PreSetup ZSUN

  • Having a Zsun running OpenWrt. I've used the hackerspace.pl method.
  • microSD card (current data will be destroyed)
  • Root password set.
  • Connect to OpenWRT SSID and then connect via SSH to as root
  • Bunch of uci commands. Copy and paste each into the command line of the shell prompt.
uci set uhttpd.main.listen_http=9080
uci set uhttpd.main.listen_https=9443
uci commit
uci set wireless.radio0.channel=auto
uci set wireless.radio0.txpower=18
uci set wireless.radio0.country=00
uci set wireless.radio0.disabled=0
uci add wireless wifi-iface
uci set wireless.@wifi-iface[-1].device=radio0
uci set wireless.@wifi-iface[-1].ssid='yourWifiName'
  • Change “yourWifiName” before pressing enter
uci set wireless.@wifi-iface[-1].mode=sta
uci set wireless.@wifi-iface[-1].network=wwan
uci set wireless.@wifi-iface[-1].encryption=psk2
uci set wireless.@wifi-iface[-1].key='yourSuperSecurePass'
  • Change “yourSuperSecurePass” before pressing enter
uci set wireless.@wifi-iface[-1].disabled=0
uci commit
uci set wireless.@wifi-iface[0].ssid='Piratebox - Share Freely'
uci commit
uci set network.wwan=interface
uci set network.wwan.proto=dhcp
uci commit
uci set firewall.@zone[1].network='wan wan6 wwan'
uci commit
/etc/init.d/network reload && /etc/init.d/firewall reload && wifi
  • Press Enter (you will be disconnected)
  • Reconnect to 'Piratebox - Share Freely' SSID and back to

An additional wireless connection with your own WiFi is made in 'sta' mode. Because OpenWrt (and PirateBox) are using the IP (sub-netmask /24) the network (WiFi) you are connecting to can't use the same sub-net mask.

  • Verify your internet connection using
ping google.com
opkg update

1. Setup Mounts

Format SD card

  • Copy and paste one line at a time
cd /tmp
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH='/lib:/usr/lib:/tmp/lib:/tmp/usr/lib'
opkg update && opkg install -d ram e2fsprogs dosfstools fdisk
wget http://druss.org/public/parts
chmod +x /tmp/parts
/tmp/usr/sbin/mkfs.fat /dev/sda1
/tmp/usr/sbin/mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda2
  • copy and paste into command shell
mkdir -p /opt/piratebox/share
uci add fstab mount
uci set fstab.@mount[-1].target=/opt/piratebox/share
uci set fstab.@mount[-1].device=/dev/sda1
uci set fstab.@mount[-1].fstype=vfat
uci set fstab.@mount[-1].options=rw,sync
uci set fstab.@mount[-1].enabled=1
uci set fstab.@mount[-1].enabled_fsck=0
uci commit
mkdir /mnt/sda2 
mount -t ext4 /dev/sda2 /mnt/sda2
tar -C /overlay -cvf - . | tar -C /mnt/sda2 -xf -
uci add fstab mount
uci set fstab.@mount[-1].target=/overlay
uci set fstab.@mount[-1].device=/dev/sda2
uci set fstab.@mount[-1].fstype=ext4
uci set fstab.@mount[-1].options=rw,sync
uci set fstab.@mount[-1].enabled=1
uci set fstab.@mount[-1].enabled_fsck=0
uci commit
  • Reconnect to PirateBox - Share Freely

2. Install Packages

  • Copy and paste each code block and reboot between installation blocks as noted. Due to “newer” packages, I have been running out of ram and I am having to split them up so the process doesn't kill itself while configuring. I will work on an alternate solution soon. (Testing on A5-V11)
opkg update && opkg install python lighttpd lighttpd-mod-cgi lighttpd-mod-redirect lighttpd-mod-alias lighttpd-mod-setenv lighttpd-mod-fastcgi
  • Reboot
opkg update && opkg install perl perlbase-base perlbase-cgi perlbase-essential perlbase-file perlbase-bytes perlbase-config perlbase-data perlbase-db-file perlbase-digest perlbase-encode perlbase-encoding perlbase-fcntl perlbase-gdbm-file perlbase-integer perlbase-socket perlbase-time perlbase-unicode perlbase-unicore perlbase-utf8 perlbase-xsloader
  • Reboot
opkg update && opkg install php5-cgi php5-fastcgi unzip minidlna
  • Reboot

3. Set-up Piratebox, Imageboard & MiniDLNA

  • Copy and paste each line separately.
cd /tmp
wget http://downloads.piratebox.de/piratebox-ws_current.tar.gz
tar xzf piratebox-ws_current.tar.gz
cd piratebox
mkdir -p /opt
cp -rv piratebox /opt
cp /opt/piratebox/src/openwrt.example.minidlna /etc/config/minidlna
sed -i 's|DO_IFCONFIG="yes"|DO_IFCONFIG="no"|g' /opt/piratebox/conf/piratebox.conf
sed -i 's|USE_APN="yes"|USE_APN="no"|g' /opt/piratebox/conf/piratebox.conf
sed -i 's|NET=192.168.77|NET=192.168.1|g' /opt/piratebox/conf/piratebox.conf
sed -i 's|DNSMASQ_INTERFACE="wlan0"|DNSMASQ_INTERFACE="br-lan"|g' /opt/piratebox/conf/piratebox.conf
sed -i 's|DROOPY_CHMOD|#DROOPY_CHMOD|g' /opt/piratebox/conf/piratebox.conf
sed -i 's|getenv = CDLL("libc.so.6").getenv|getenv = CDLL("libc.so.0").getenv|g' /opt/piratebox/bin/droopy
/etc/init.d/lighttpd stop
/etc/init.d/lighttpd disable
/opt/piratebox/init.d/piratebox_alt start
/opt/piratebox/bin/install_piratebox.sh /opt/piratebox/conf/piratebox.conf imageboard
  • Enter in a code for your imageboard.
/opt/piratebox/init.d/piratebox_alt stop
uci set wireless.@wifi-iface[1].disabled=1
uci commit
/etc/init.d/network reload && wifi
  • Press Enter (you will be disconnected)
  • Reconnect to 'Piratebox - Share Freely' SSID and back to

4. Create piratebox start

vi /etc/init.d/piratebox
  • Copy the below code. In your shell window, press I to insert text then right-click or paste to insert. Be sure ALL of it has been pasted. Press ESC, SHIFT+Z, Shift+Z to save. (editor will auto close)
#!/bin/sh /etc/rc.common


start() {
        /opt/piratebox/init.d/piratebox_alt start

stop() {
        /opt/piratebox/init.d/piratebox_alt stop

5. Finalization

  • Copy and paste each line separately.
chmod +x /etc/init.d/piratebox
/etc/init.d/piratebox start
/etc/init.d/piratebox enable

6. Options are optional

~Sarge, RvB

6.1 Enable PHP

sed -i 's|#include "/opt/piratebox/conf/lighttpd/fastcgi-php.conf"|include "/opt/piratebox/conf/lighttpd/fastcgi-php.conf"|g' /opt/piratebox/conf/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf

sed -i 's|doc_root =|;doc_root =|g' /etc/php.ini

echo "<?php phpinfo() ?>" > /opt/piratebox/share/content/phpinfo.php

/etc/init.d/piratebox reload
  • test

http://piratebox.lan/content/phpinfo.php you should get a long php info page of stuff. If it works, you can delete the phpinfo page with this command.

rm /opt/piratebox/share/content/phpinfo.php

6.2 Enable IRC

  • Copy and past each line
sed -i 's|ENABLE_IRC_SERVER="no"|ENABLE_IRC_SERVER="yes"|g' /opt/piratebox/conf/piratebox.conf
/etc/init.d/piratebox restart

6.3 Change Upload Folder

mkdir -p /opt/piratebox/share/Shared/Uploaded
sed -i 's|UPLOADFOLDER="$SHARE_FOLDER/Shared"|UPLOADFOLDER="$SHARE_FOLDER/Shared/Uploaded"|g' /opt/piratebox/conf/piratebox.conf
/etc/init.d/piratebox restart

7. Fixes

  • MiniDLNA

Minidlna config points to the wrong path. So we need to fix it

vi /etc/config/minidlna

Press I on the keyboard to get into edit mode
change the line that reads list media_dir '/mnt/usb/PirateBox/Shared/'
to list media_dir '/opt/piratebox/share/Shared/'
Press SHIFT+Z, SHIFT+Z on the keyboard to save.

/etc/init.d/minidlna reload

to save changes


  • Matthias - for the Piratebox Project and updated code.
  • meduza - for the majority of the scripting for the Zsun.
  • stylesuxx - for the wifi configuration and troubleshooting.
  • TheExpertNoob - for troubleshooting and this wiki guide.

If I forgot anyone else, PM me.